Ensemble baroque de paris - ensemble baroque de paris - List of early music ensembles - Wikipedia

An early music ensemble is a musical ensemble that specializes in performing early music of the European classical tradition from the Baroque era and earlier — broadly, music produced before about 1750. Most, but not all, of these groups are advocates of " historically informed performance ", and attempt to re-create the music as it might have sounded at the time it was written, using period instruments and modifying playing techniques according to the most recent scholarly research into music of the time.

homorhythms: the same rhythms in all parts, as in the singing of a hymn.

counterpoint (noun; contrapuntal = adjective): like polyphony in that it has two or more compatible melodies
performed simultaneously.

Related to tempo: consult the Oxford Music Online
commonly in Italian from the 17th-18th c., and then increasingly in other vernacular languages

largo, lento, adagio, andante, moderato, allegretto, allegro, presto, prestissimo
qualifying terms: meno (less), pi (more), molto (very or much) poco a poco (little by little), assai (very) mosso (motion), sostenuto (sustained), non troppo (not too much)

Related to expression:
terraced dynamics: a sudden and dramatic shift from loud to soft or soft to loud

Releated to timbre: classifications of instruments
chordophone: string instruments
aerophones: wind produces the sound (woodwinds and brass instruments)
membranophone: a vibrating membrane produces the sound (drums)
idiophone: sound is produced from the material (wood, glass, stone, metal)

Related to ensembles:
choir: vocal ensemble
voice ranges: bass, tenor, alto, soprano (from lowest to highest)
choral: music written for a choir
a cappella: choral music without instrumental accompaniment, literally ?at the chapel?
polychoral: two or more choirs in a composition, usually with an antiphonal or echo effect
orchestra: large instrumental ensemble with strings
band: large instrumental ensemble without strings
chamber ensembles: trio, quartet, quintet, sextet, octet

Standard ensemble combinations:
string trio: three string instruments
piano trio: piano, violin, cello
string quartet: two violins, viola, cello
piano quintet: piano and a string quartet
brass quintet: 2 trumpets, french horn, trombone, tuba
wind quintet: flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon, french horn

Related to text and music:
syllabic: one syllable sung to each note
melismatic: one syllable sung to several notes
sacred: religious music, often for the church liturgy (services)
secular: worldly, non-religious music, usually in the vernacular
vernacular: texts in the language of the people (English, French, Spanish, German, etc.)

Related to musical forms:
Generally capital letters are used to distinguish different sections of a composition. A capital refers to an exact repetition. A lowercase letter refers to the same music but new text. A prime number after the capital refers to a variation of the music from the original section.

repetitive forms:

strophic: a vocal form consisting of several phrases. The musical form is repeated using different verses
of text, as in a hymn or folksong.

modified strophic: simply means that the repetitions of the sections are varied slightly, but not so much
that they are a significant variation or the original.

bar form: two sections of music, with only the first section A repeated. Many hymns use the far form.

binary form: two sections of music, usually with each A and B section repeated. This is typically used in
dances. When a group dances are combined into a suite, the dances generally all stay in the same key.

Besides using its own baroque orchestra, Collegium Vocale Gent works with several historically informed instrumental ensembles to perform these projects, including the Orchestre des Champs Elysées, Freiburger Barockorchester and Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin. It also works with prominent symphony orchestras such as deFilharmonie (Royal Flemish Philharmonic), the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, the Budapest Festival Orchestra and Amsterdam’s Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. The ensemble has worked with Ivor Bolton, Marcus Creed, Reinbert de Leeuw, Iván Fischer, René Jacobs, Yannick Nézet-Séguin, Kaspars Putnins, Jos van Immerseel, Paul Van Nevel, James Wood and many others leading conductors.

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